Promoting Adolescent Safe Spaces in Northern Ghana (PASS) Project
A Partnership with UNICEF-UNFPA under the Global Programme to End Child Marriage
TERMS OF REFERENCE (TOR)
Analyzing and Reporting on Baseline Data for the Promoting Adolescent Safe Spaces in Northern Ghana (PASS) Project
NORSAAC is an empowerment for change non-governmental organization committed to empowering women, youth and children of Ghana. Dedicated to championing an improved quality of life for empowered women, girls, youth, and marginalized groups asserting their rights, NORSAAC actively engages networks of women, young people, excluded groups, national and local based structures and like-minded organizations’ to strengthen their agencies to claim and exercise their rights in dignity.
NORSAAC has over the years worked with various structures and people at the community, district, regional and national levels on issues that affect the vulnerable groups especially women and girls. The organization has hence positioned itself to work with networks of the vulnerable groups to understand issues that affect them both at policy and implementation levels aimed at empowering them to demand for services
Promoting Adolescent Safe Spaces in Northern Ghana (PASS) Project
Addressing the issues undermining the growth and development of adolescent girls and young women is critical for the development of any country. For instance, delaying marriage can improve the health and wellbeing of the mother and her child (United Nations Children’s Fund, 2012). Child marriage exacerbates girls’ risk of physical, sexual, psychological and economic abuse, adolescent pregnancy, abortion, social isolation and limited access to education as well as reduction of adolescent girls and young women’s decision-making power and networks of support (Bruce, & Dude, 2006)
It is critical to have safe spaces in communities in Ghana which ensure that adolescents, especially girls, have access to a safe environment that enables them to learn, play, develop skills, receive mentorship and foster healthy relationships with their peers, Many girls face the threat of violence, transactional sex, child marriage and cohabitation due to poverty; traditional customs and cultural norms that limit their empowerment, and decision making; and limited access to services, including protection and reproductive health services. Girls at risk/affected by child marriage and their families need access to education, life skills, ASRH information and services, child protection/GBV services and alternative income generation opportunities to overcome the unequal power and resource constraints often at the basis of their limited available opportunities, unsafe choices and protection risks/concerns they face. . Hence access to safe spaces with correct information will enable adolescents to make informed choices on a range of ASRH and protection services, antenatal, delivery and postnatal care; counseling and welfare / justice available support, etc.
Since 2016, UNICEF and UNFPA have been supporting partners like NORSAAC to reach out to adolescent girls and boys with structured and sustained interventions to foster the emotional and social wellbeing and increase their skills and knowledge to better prevent and respond to child marriage and sexual and gender-based violence, and prevent and response to violence, exploitation, and abuse of children. However, not all of these programmes featured structured methodologies and tools to measure the changes in the knowledge, attitudes, practice and behaviours of girls and boys, as well as community members, as a result of programme interventions. . Based on the lessons learnt, in 2019 such pre and post measurement methodologies and tools were developed by UNICEF, UNFPA, NORSAAC and INGH to document outcome level change within the Promoting Adolescents Safe Spaces (PASS) Programme.
In 2020 NORSAAC is implementing the PASS Programme in partnership with UNICEF and UNFPA in 3 Regions (Northern, North East and Savana Regions) and 6 Districts: Tolon, Kpandai, Bole, West Mamprusi, Tatale/Sanguli and Mamprugu Moadugri, covering a total of 30 Communities.
The overall Goal of the Project is to ensure that adolescent girls 10-19 at risk or affected by child marriage in programme areas are empowered with the relevant knowledge, skills and networks to build confidence, make informed decisions, express their voices, and access services and community support to prevent and respond to child marriage.
In order to achieve the goal, the below four (4) Outcome Areas will be pursued:
Outcome 1: Adolescent girls at risk of and affected by child marriage are better able to express and exercise their choices
This Outcome Area will be achieved through implementation of a structured and sustained Safe Space programme benefiting 2,300 adolescent girls aged 10-19 at risk of or affected by child marriage in target communities by 2020. The Safe Space programme is expected to increase girls’ knowledge and support their empowerment in the areas of life skills, child protection, SGBV, ASRH, economic empowerment among others. Also, 800 adolescent boys shall be engaged across all the implementing communities to support in promotion of more equitable gender norms. The Programme content will include a combination of transferable skills (life skills), employability skills, ASRH, CP and SGBV content. Critical to the programme is the effort to link these adolescent girls with cross-sectoral services, addressing their multiple, inter-related needs.
Outcome 2: Families and communities demonstrate positive attitudes and behaviors toward investing in and supporting adolescent girls
This Outcome Area will be achieved through engagement of parents, caregivers, traditional and religious leaders and community members in reflections and dialogues aimed at transforming gender social norms, including support for delaying child marriage. Further 9,600 community members will be engaged by adolescent boys and girls through, theater for change to dialogue and support changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices.
Outcome 3: Relevant sectoral systems deliver quality and cost-effective services to meet the needs of adolescent girls
This outcome Area will be achieved through partnership with existing service providers in target communities (formal and informal) to strengthen age and gender responsive service provision and support referrals and service uptake by adolescent girls. This will include work with social welfare and justice agencies (e.g. DSW/DCD, DOVVSU, etc.) on CP/GBV case management and service referrals, GHS (e.g. SafetyNet and Girls Iron Folic Tablet Supplement (GIFTS) programs – which shall be linked to the PASS project with support from Ghana Health service) as well as Ghana Education Service.
Outcome 4: Government and partners support the generation and use of robust data and evidence to inform policy and programming, track progress and document lessons
This outcome Area will be achieved through robust monitoring and evidence generation to document positive behavioral and social change in target communities, to inform programme scale up and advocacy for adolescent girls at district, regional and national level.
The objectives of the baseline survey include the following:
- Assess, prior to commencement of interventions, the level of social and emotional well-being and knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to child marriage and gender-based violence, child protection, ASRH and skills (e.g. transferable skills, skills for economic empowerment) particularly for the most vulnerable adolescent girls beneficiaries of the PASS Safe space adolescent programme
- Assess, prior to commencement of interventions, the current level of knowledge, attitudes and practices in terms of gender equality, value of the girl child, and support for adolescent girls, including delaying marriage among adolescent boys, caregivers, community members and leaders, and service providers in PASS programme districts and communities
The Main Questions of the Survey
- What is the current level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices of adolescents on gender-based violence, child protection, sexual reproductive health, and skills related issues from the start of the cycle?
- Do family and community members participating in PASS activities show indication of positive change in terms of more equitable gender attitudes, increased value of the girl child, enhanced investments/support in adolescent girls, including through education, and agreement to delay marriage and family formation?
Scope of the Work
NORSAAC is seeking to hire the services of an external consultant to coordinate data analysis and reporting of the baseline data that will be collected, working under the supervision of NORSAAC and its partner, UNICEF. The consultant is expected to study the data collection tools that were initially developed for the same purpose and suggest changes if needed before NORSAAC’s team commences data collection. The study should employ both quantitative and qualitative methods.
The consultant will analyze the collected data and produce a draft report, which will be presented to NORSAAC and UNICEF, before producing a final report encompassing the comments and additions.
Ethics and Child Protection in Data Collection and Reporting
Considering the fact that the study will also involve children aged 15-19 years, additional care must be taken to ensure that the research with this age group is subject to ethical guidelines focused on minimizing the possibility of distress or harm for participants and that data collection activities cause limited disruption to the normal lives of the particular respondent groups. The inclusion girls in the assessment should comply with the compendium of Ethical Research Involving Children and UNICEF Procedure for Ethical Standards in Research, Evaluation and Data Collection and Analysis. Ethical clearance for the baseline was sought at the Navrongo Health Research Centre and still valid for this purpose.
Deliverables and Responsibilities
|Phase||No. of days required||Responsibility|
|Recruitment and training of Data Collectors||2||NORSAAC|
|Data analysis and reporting||8||Consultant|
The consultant will share a draft of the baseline report with the project-implementing partners. A final report will then be provided after including addressing comments from partners. Proposed date for the baseline to commence will be on 8th March, 2020 and Consults is expected to receive data in both SPSS and Excel formats by 15th May, 2020 to commence analyses and reporting
Profile of Consultant(s)
The consultant(s) should have the following qualifications/expertise:
- Post graduate degree in political science, economics, business, law, or others as may be relevant
- At least 10 years’ experience of carrying out research, programme baselines, mid and end of project evaluations
- Proven background in areas of governance, human rights, gender, adolescent programming and participatory development programmes.
- Knowledge of country and regional context
- Experience of working with local communities and non-‐governmental organizations.
- Experience in the design and use of participatory methods for assessment and evaluation.
- Excellent writing, editing, attention to detail and organizational skills
- Capacity to work with SPSS and Microsoft Excel
Fees and Modalities of Payment
The consultant and NORSAAC will agree on the remuneration. Charges related to taxes (7.5% withholding tax), mission allowances for fieldwork and secretarial fees are to be borne by the consultant.
Remuneration will be calculated on basis of days the researcher has agreed to undertake the task. The consultant hired for the execution of this work will be paid as follows;
- 30% upon signing of contract
- 40% upon delivering the first draft report
- Remaining 30% after submitting final report.
Applications, complete of both technical and financial offers need to be addressed to the NORSAAC Executive Director and should be received no later than 5th May, 2020 by 2359GMT. Submitted proposals will be evaluated using Cumulative Analysis Method against a score of 100 points with a maximum of 70 points allocated for the technical proposal and 30 points allocated for the financial proposal.
Email submissions should include ‘Expression of Interest to Analyse and Write Report for PASS Baseline’ in the subject box.
The Offer should contain:
- A letter of interest addressed to the Executive Director
- A Technical offer showing the interpretation of the TOR
- A CV of the consultant or consultancy firm showing previous relevant experience
- A detailed financial offer (expressed in Ghana Cedis indicating the cost required to undertake of the work required)
Copyright, Patents and Other Proprietary Rights
NORSAAC and UNICEF will be entitled to all intellectual property and other proprietary rights with regard to products, processes, inventions, ideas, know-how, data or documents and other materials (“Contract Materials”) that (i) the consultant develops for NORSAAC under the Contract and which bear a direct relation to the Contract or (ii) are produced, prepared or collected in consequence of, or during the course of, the performance of the Contract. The term “Contract Materials” includes, but is not limited to reports, plans, recommendations, estimates, documents developed or received by, and all other data compiled by or received by, the consultant under the Contract. The Consultant acknowledges and agrees that Contract Materials constitute works made for hire for NORSAAC. Contract Materials will be treated as NORSAAC Confidential Information and will be delivered only to authorized officials on expiry or termination of the Contract.
The consultant may not communicate at any time to any person, Government, or authority external to NORSAAC any information known to it due to its association with NORSAAC nor shall the consultant at any time use such information to private advantage. These obligations do not lapse upon termination of this contract with NORSAAC.
 Graham, A., Powell, M., Taylor, N., Anderson, D. & Fitzgerald, R. (2013). Ethical Research Involving Children. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti. https://childethics.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/ERIC-compendium-approved-digital-web.pdf
 UNICEF. 2015. UNICEF Procedure for Ethical Standards in Research, Evaluation and Data Collection and Analysis. https://www.unicef.org/supply/files/ATTACHMENT_IV-UNICEF_Procedure_for_Ethical_Standards.PDF